Pharmer’s Lingo: Your Guide to Understanding the Key Words Used on our Site
Hemp – Hemp is classified as any variety of the cannabis plant that has a THC (the cannabis compound known for its psychoactive effect) content of less than 0.3%. Hemp is a nutrient-dense plant known across the world for many different uses. Hemp plants contain phytocannabinoids, such as CBD, terpenes, flavonoids, vitamins, amino acids and chlorophyll.
Hemp Extract – Hemp Extract typically refers to the oil extracted from the stalk, leaves, seeds and/or flowers of the hemp plant, which contains phytocannabinoids, including CBD.
CBD – CBD, or cannabidiol, is 1 of over 100 naturally occurring phytocannabinoids found in the hemp plant. It is widely recognized for its therapeutic benefits and, unlike THC, it is non-psychoactive.
Product Type/Category – This is used to categorize the products we carry by their specific type.
Tincture – Products in this category are oils that are absorbed sublingually, meaning that they are meant to be held under the tongue per individual product instructions.
Patches – Products in this category are patches that are meant to be adhered to the skin by use of adhesive, similar to a bandaid.
Capsules – Products in this category are in pill form and are meant to be taken orally.
Edibles – Products in this category are meant to be eaten.
Beverages – Products in this category are meant to be drunk or mixed into a drink.
Lotions & Salves – Products in this category are meant to be applied topically to the skin. The difference between lotions and salves is primarily based on the amount of water used in the formula. Lotions typically contain more water, making their consistency much thinner than that of salves.
Beauty & Wellness – Products in this category include beauty products, bath products, spray products and any other products that do not fall into another category listed.
Pets – Products in this category are meant to be used by pets only.
Composition – Composition is used to describe the type of hemp extract that is used in each product.
CBD Isolate – CBD Isolate is as close as you can get to pure CBD. In the extraction process, all other cannabinoids, terpenes and additional compounds are removed so that only CBD remains.
Broad-spectrum Hemp Extract – Broad-spectrum Hemp Extract retains all cannabinoids, terpenes and additional compounds found in the hemp plant, except for THC, which is removed in the extraction process.
Full-spectrum Hemp Extract – Full-spectrum Hemp Extract retains all cannabinoids, terpenes and additional compounds found in the hemp plant, including THC. Because the extract is derived from hemp, THC concentration will always be below 0.3%, a level too low to produce psychoactive effects.
Dosage – Dosage is the term we use to describe the relative potency of a product. We classify dosage using a High, Medium, Low scale. For comparative purposes, we consider 55+mg/serving a High dose, 26-55mg/serving a Medium dose, and 1-25mg/serving a Low dose. It’s important to note that an effective dosage is unique to each person and depends on a variety of factors such as body weight, product type and associated bioavailability, and whether you are a new or experienced CBD user. When trying CBD products for the first time we always recommend starting with a low dose and slowly increasing until you find the dosage that works best for your body.
Form – Form is the term we use to describe the general category of each product. Form determines how the product is meant to be used as well as the method by which the product is absorbed into your body.
Topical – Topical products are applied externally to the skin. They do not penetrate the skin barrier and are not absorbed into the bloodstream. Topicals are best used for localized treatment to a specific area of the body.
Ingestible – Ingestible products are consumed orally. They get absorbed into the body through the process of digestion. Because of this, it can take longer to feel the effects when using ingestible products compared to other product forms. Ingestible products are great for those who are new to CBD or who want a low dose.
Tincture – Tincture products are typically oils that are absorbed into the bloodstream sublingually, or under the tongue. It is important to follow suggested use instructions with tinctures to ensure you are absorbing the product to its full potential. If the oil is swallowed instead of absorbed under the tongue, it will have a similar effect to an ingestible. When taken correctly, tinctures bypass the digestion system allowing for more efficient absorption.
Transdermal – Transdermal products absorb into the bloodstream through the skin. Unlike topicals, transdermals have the ability to penetrate the skin barrier. Like tinctures, because transdermal products bypass the digestive system, they are absorbed into the body more efficiently. Transdermals are a great option for users concerned with the taste or application of tinctures.
Vape – Vape products are inhaled, passed through the lungs, and absorbed into the bloodstream. Vape is known to be one of the most effective and fast-acting product forms available, however, there are many risks associated with vaping that should be considered before choosing a vape product.
Bioavailability – The bioavailability of a product describes the degree and rate at which the product is absorbed into the body. We classify bioavailability using a relative scale of Good, Better, Best. The bioavailability of each product is determined by its form. For comparative purposes, we consider topical and ingestible products Good, tincture products Better, and transdermal and vape products Best. Bioavailability and dosage should be considered in tandem when determining which product is best for you.
Best for – Best for is used to describe what the Pharm Stand believes is the best use/benefit for each product. The majority of CBD products can be used for various purposes and the best product for you can truly only be determined by you through experimentation. This field is our way of simplifying what we know can be a confusing shopping experience. It should be used merely as a guide or starting point if you are unsure where to begin.